Periodontics is the dental specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the gums and related tissues that surround and support teeth. Gum disease (Gingivitis) is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. When untreated gum disease (Gingivitis) progresses into bone loss (Periodontal Disease), which is the major cause of tooth loss in adults. The most common cause of these oral diseases is the accumulation of bacterial plaque, which adheres to teeth and destroys oral tissues. Along with the build-up of bacterial plaque, degeneration or inflammation of these tissues can be caused by various systemic or local diseases. The first non-surgical step involves a special cleaning called scaling and root planing to remove the bacterial plaque deposits. If scaling and root planing does not solve the problem, surgery may be required.
See your dentist if you notice any of the following warning signs:
Factors that increase the risk of developing gum disease: